They also made large mechanical puppet theatres driven by waterwheels and carriage wheels and wine-serving automatons driven by paddle wheel boats.
Some of the first inventions of Neolithic China include semilunar and rectangular stone knives, stone hoes and spades, the cultivation of millet, rice, and the soybean, the refinement of sericulture, the building of rammed earth structures with lime-plastered house floors, the creation of pottery with cord-mat-basket designs, the creation of pottery tripods and pottery steamers and the development of ceremonial vessels and scapulimancy for purposes of divination. With later inventions such as the multiple-tube seed drill and heavy moldboard iron plough, China's agricultural output could sustain a much larger population.
A bronze Chinese crossbow trigger mechanism with a butt plate (the wooden components have since eroded and disappeared), inlaid with silver, from either the late Warring States period (403–256 BC) or the early Han Dynasty (202 BC – AD 220) This includes the Four Great Inventions: papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, and printing (both woodblock and movable type).
Wedging can also help produce an even moisture content.
Once a clay body has been kneaded and de-aired or wedged, it is shaped by a variety of techniques. There are several materials that are referred to as clay.
The burial ground was already known before the war. Most of these exhibits, however, were lost in the war.
It is thought that 6 items from the Bandužiai burial ground still remain.
— Peru 900 AD - 1350 AD A rare Ica (Ika) aryballos from southern coastal Peru. The Storm God is shown here in the typical fashion with googled eyes, ear spools, large fangs and split tongue. Each side of the vessel shows two nicely detailed, mythological figures in battle; all carved in high relief. Acquired via inheritance from her mother who was an artist, collector and world travler. Although referred to as 'axes', these were not made for use as weapons, but were chisels (tools) used to shape and carve stone. Additional linear and geometric designs complete the complex imagery. Small chips on one leg and at the rim edge have been restored along with light paint enhancements. As is typical, it is shown in the seated position and has shortened, bulbous legs tapering to the feet. The leaves of the coca plant were mixed with ground lime, wrapped into a small bundle (called a quid) and chewed to stave off hunger and alleviate altitude sickness. Most of the damage was concentrated around the base (neck) area. Painted in a dark brown-black slip over a cream background, the ovoid-shaped body has realistically sculpted head and forearms held to the face. The front and back sections are painted with linear stripes. The spout has been reattached and a couple of cracks along the body have been restored. Decorated with horizontal and vertical lines and a circular 'eye' design at the rim. A few small chips restored at the rim and light paint enhancements, otherwise intact and original. Some areas of light surface erosion, minor paint loss and deposits remain. It has pierced tapered tripod legs, each containing several large rattle balls. Approx 8.25" tall x 8.25" across $475 — Peru 900 AD - 1100 AD A fine Chancay whistle vessel from ancient Peru. The form is somewhat similar to the later Inca aryballo, but it is unpainted and an unusual shape. Aryballo vessels are seldom seen from this culture. The head shows an elongated snout with appliqued nostrils, coffee-bean style eyes and pierced ears. In good condition with restored breaks and some losses replaced as is common. Condition is very good, especially considering its enormous size. The sides are decorated with complex geometric patterns that are similar, but different from the plate. The shallow bowl is polychrome painted with red and black on an orange background. The exterior has wide bands of red and smaller black lines circling the outer rim. Assembled from four original pieces and the break lines restored along with some light paint touch ups. Originally acquired in 1972 from Hartwell Kennard of Mc Allen, Texas. 6.5" across $300 — Guatemala 250 AD - 600 AD A huge Maya tripod cylinder vessel dating the the Early Classic Period. The figure is nicely adorned with elaborate ear spools and bracelets. An amazing collection of 21 (twenty-one) Pre-Columbian miniatures. $500 — Peru 700 AD - 1500 AD A gorgeous Lambayeque whistle vessel from ancient Peru. The chocolate brown surface is nicely burnished inside and out. Assembled from around a dozen original pieces with breaks restored and some losses replaced. A rare example, the interior (tonto) is divided into three segments. Painted with red over buff-gray terracotta along with some teal paint remaining in the crevices. Two fingers and a portion of the strap across the head have been replaced. Two sets of museum codes written in ink across the top. Vessels with articulated parts are exceedingly rare in Costa Rican pottery. Minor losses replaced and several repaired breaks at the rim. Two of the legs have been reattached and partially restored. Sackler Collections" for a similar example and additional information.
A barrel-form vessel with cylindrical body topped by loop handles and flared spout. The arms and legs are diminutive; one hand is holding a long tendril that extends up one side and past the rim. The scene on both sides of the vessel depict the Moche Protector God (Ai Apaec) in combat with the underworld Decapitator God. Both are very heavily cast; thick and heavy with large 'T' flanges. Minor surface losses, general wear overall and deposits present. Depicted nude, as is common, wearing only multi-layered ear ornaments. One leg reattached, small losses along the break have been replaced and the break line restored. Light erosion and minor losses around the mouth, eyes and nose. This example is realistically sculpted, showing large eyes and face paint representing ritual scarification or facial tattooing. The nicely burnished surface shows ample deposits, light surface wear and some fire clouding on the back of the head. Inherited from his father who was a member of the Peruvian Consulate in Argentina, originally collected prior to 1970. Also the tail and rear legs have been partially restored, but it is mostly original and appears complete. The legs support a spherical bowl with a ridged shoulder and topped by a flared spout. Likely a depiction of a stylized bird head or the head of the mythological dragon creature. It has two barrel-shaped chambers with footed bases, joined at the sides and again by an arched strap handle. The front is rounded (domed) but the reverse is flattened to provide more comfort and stability as the vessel was carried across the back via a woven trump-line that looped through the handles and across the carrier's forehead. One small handle chip has been restored and there is light pitting, mostly around the bottom and the spout, otherwise intact and original. Constructed from buff (tan) terracotta with a burnished orange-red slip on the figure and spout. Assembled from approximately eight original pieces with restored break lines, but appears intact. The head, one hand and both arms reattached at the shoulders with break lines restored. A single stress crack, that went from the outer edge toward the center has been restored along with very minor paint touch ups. Some light paint loss and deposits overall, as would be expected. The bowl sits on three massive legs that are in the form of stylized jaguar heads. 5 — Peru 350 AD - 600 AD A Moche Canchero from Peru. 0 — Mexico 300 BC - 100 BC A Chupicuaro tripod rattle vessel. Deposits and root marks present, mostly on the underside. The elegant form shows strong Teotihuacan influence. 5 — Costa Rica 1200 AD - 1500 AD A nicely painted Nicoya figure from ancient Costa Rica. His face is expressive with pointed chin and elongated coffee bean eyes. Completely intact and original with no repairs or restoration. The collection includes vessels, human and animal figures, a tiny mace head and three working whistles . It features a seated shaman atop four conjoined globular chambers, all painted with linear and spiral designs typical of Lambayeque pottery. The tapered spout has been reattached with the break restored. Minor surface wear, dings and scratches along with light deposits consistent with age. Each section is separated by red, black and purple borders surrounding mythological 'dragons'. One foot has been reattached and the break restored. There are light stains (sticker residue) on both sides. Approx 13.5" tall x 7" across 0 — Peru 450 AD - 550 AD An exceptional Moche stirrup vessel dating to Phase IV.Please ask if you would like additional photos or more in-depth descriptions. All items being offered on this website have appropriate provenance and are legal to buy and own under the United States statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, Chapter 14. It is quite remarkable that this very large vessel has never been broken. Originally acquired by Chris at a charity auction in Pasadena, CA in the 1970s. These Inca examples are all of similar shape and made of hammered copper. Ample deposits present; a few small areas of white caliche encrustation on one side. Their art shows strong Olmec and Tlatilco influence as is seen in the prominent lips and pierced eyes. A nice example from one of Mesoamerica's earliest cultures. The top section is divided into quadrants each with a central figure. The spout is in the form of a penis with the strap handle attached to the side. One whistle has been returned to working order, the other is non-functioning. The Abrams made their fortune in the publishing business and were avid collectors of fine art and artifacts. Much of their collection was donated to numerous museums. Constructed of reddish earthenware covered overall in a cream slip with red, orange and black painted designs, typical of the type. Approx 4.5" tall x 6.5" across 5 — West Mexico 200 BC - 100 AD A Chinesco seated female figure from the Nayarit region of Western Mexico. The two shown here are incomplete; each is missing a portion of one side. The beaded feather assemblages are repeated along the top of the headdress along with tassels and circular appliques with carved geometric designs. In one hand is a spherical object, likely representing a pottery vessel. 0 — Ecuador 300 BC - 500 AD A Bahia vessel from ancient Ecuador. 0 — El Salvador 400 AD - 700 AD A Maya glyph bowl dating to the Classic Period. Both arms are extended upward in a welcoming gesture. 00 — Peru 900 AD - 1200 AD A Chancay woven textile panel from ancient Peru. The central image is divided by a red band, half in a curving serpent-like design, the other half in a basket-weave pattern. The lower half of the vessel has incised geometric designs known as the 'flame-brow' motif. The flame-brow design originated on Olmec pottery from approximately 1000 years earlier and has also been seen on Maya vessels of eastern Mesoamerica. The surface is an orange buff terracotta with a few areas of fire clouding. A superb example that is larger than most of this type and displays dramatically. An incredibly rare matched set that are massive in size. This very thin-walled vessel shows expert craftsmanship; exceptional construction and is nicely painted with red linear designs against a golden yellow ground. The rounded spherical lower chamber sits on pointy, cone-shaped tripod legs. Surface shows minor wear and paint loss with light erosion, all consistent with age. Large figures of shamans, such as this one, are indicative of their high status in Jamacoaque culture and are often depicted displaying their ceremonial paraphernalia as symbols of power. There are light stains (sticker residue) on both sides. Included is a small, but lovely Maya stone celt, also from the Classic Period. Pendant - Approx 6" tall x 3.5" across x .25" thick. Celt - 1.75" long x 1.25" across x 3/8" thick 5 for both — Costa Rica 200 AD - 600 AD Two Costa Rican Axe God celts (pendants) from the Guanacaste/Nicoya region. It depicts an anthropomorphic figure with hands across the chest. Just under 9" across x 3" tall 0 — Costa Rica 1200 AD - 1500 AD Large Costa Rican "Castillo Incised" blackware tripod rattle vessel dating to the Late Period. 0 — Costa Rica 400 AD - 700 AD Very large Costa Rican tripod rattle vessel from the Central Highlands - Atlantic Watershed Zone, dating to Period IV-V.Every purchase comes with a written certificate of authenticity (COA) and are fully guaranteed to be as described. Shipping options are USPS Priority Mail, UPS Ground and Fed Ex. — Mexico 200 AD - 750 AD An exceptional Teotihuacan vessel dating from the late Tlamimilolpa Phase to the early Metepec Phase. Its size, form and condition make this an amazing example that displays dramatically on the custom metal stand which is included. There are three sizes here, possibly representing different monetary denominations. The surface is also slightly clouded by a salt-lime haze which could be cleaned, but is currently in original, as found condition. The figure is shown seated with one arm outstretched, the other curled to the chest and is wearing a broad collar (necklace), turban style headwrap and large circular earspools. A small portion of the headdress has also been restored, otherwise intact. Two human figures with arms held upward and wearing crescent shaped 'solar' headdresses along with two monkeys (or felines) shown in profile also wearing solar headdresses. At the base of the handle are two ball-shaped objects (appearing as testicles) which form the whistles. A crack in the main body has been stabilized and restored. Minor scrapes and dings present along with deposits and some fire clouding. The remainder was later sold through various art auctions in NYC. A flared bowl sits atop three large jaguar heads, each containing their original rattle balls. The figure is of hollow construction with red, tan and black painted and burnished surface. 0 — Peru 400 AD - 600 AD A large and impressive Moche Phase IV portrait vessel from the Northern Coastal region of ancient Peru. 50 — Costa Rica - Panama 1100 AD - 1450 AD An unusual pottery vessel in the form of an armadillo. 5 — Peru 1000 AD - 1400 AD A Chancay painted bowl from ancient Peru. Outside of the obvious losses, they are intact with nice deposits. The face and hands are painted in yellow-gold pigment, otherwise covered in a cream-tan slip with deposits and some root marks present. Assembled from original pieces (as is common) with break lines restored and minor losses replaced. In the other hand is a five-lobed ceremonial rattle. 0 — Peru 700 AD - 1000 AD A rare Wari aryballo (water transport vessel) from ancient Peru. The vessel is rounded with a flat bottom and has a flared spout. Rounded bottom with corseted sides; an elegant form. He (she) smiles widely exposing filed teeth and has almond shaped eyes. It depicts a central band of stylized birds with rows of waves (water motif) at the top and bottom. The gently curving sides of the bowl are finely painted in diagonal stripes. The back is completely painted with parallel lines in black on tan. Assembled from approximately six original pieces with breaklines partially restored and slightly visible. The cream colored surface is nicely burnished inside and out with areas of orange and black (fire clouding) on one side. Assembled from three original pieces with breaks restored. Minor surface wear, dings and scratches along with light deposits consistent with age. By far the largest examples of this type I have ever seen. Condition is very good, near excellent with a small hairline crack and minor rim chips restored. Around the top of the lower chamber is a band of incised decoration done in a repeating triangular pattern. 7.25" tall x 7" across 50 — Mexico 300 AD - 400 AD A medium-large Teotihuacan tripod vessel dating to the Early Xolalpan Period. Constructed of tan terracotta with orange pigment on the face and nose ornament. Carved from green speckled stone with earthen deposits. The headdress is two alligator heads facing outward. Restoration to the corner of the head and one foot. The exterior is nicely incised with complex geometric patterns. It has pierced tapered tripod legs, each containing numerous small rattle balls.Buff terracotta construction, nicely painted with geometric designs and stylized sea birds. The rim is decorated with angular and circular forms thought to represent sea dwellers. Ai Apaec is shown here wearing a jaguar headdress and serpent waist wrap (belt). It depicts a standing figure wearing a large, elaborate headdress with two suspension holes, mantle and loin cloth. — Peru 900 BC - 200 BC A large Chavin bottle (vessel) from the northern highlands of ancient Peru, dating to the Formative Period. The blades flare at the end to crescent shape and a sharp edge. Painted overall in an orange-red slip with cream details, topped by a wide flared spout. See Donnan's "Moche Portraits" Page 40, Figure 3.26 for a similar example. Light surface wear, some chipping, minor erosion and paint loss present. Painted overall with a purple-brown color and an orange-red slip on the spout. Breaks to the legs and minor losses replaced as is typical. One chamber is topped by a long straight spout, the other has a standing figure shown drinking from a kero. Both ear spools and small headdress losses have been replaced. The plate is displayed on a custom metal stand which is included as shown. Each jaguar head has circular openings facing inward and pairs of elongated oval (slots) near the top. — West Mexico 100 BC - 250 AD A medium-large redware phytomorphic vessel from the Colima region of ancient West Mexico. Sometimes referred to as corn-poppers based on their form, they were actually used as ceremonial water dippers by the ancient Moche. 0 — Peru 400 AD - 700 AD A nice Moche pottery trumpet from ancient Peru, dating to Phase IV. The long, hollow tubular body is curved (looped) at the top, ending with the mouth-piece. Bi-chrome painted in red and cream with three sets of chevrons radiating outward from the center along with pairs of wavy lines. Displays well on the custom metal stand which is included as shown. The sides are nearly vertical and flare slightly at the rim. 00 — Costa Rica - Panama 1000 AD - 1500 AD An adorable bird vessel from the border area of Costa Rica and Panama (Diquis Zone) dating to the Chirique Phase, Period VI. It depicts a seated figure with hands resting on the knees, polychrome painted with linear designs in shades of red and brown against a cream ground. 0 — Ecuador 300 BC - 300 AD An unusual avian motif pottery rattle sculpture from the Manabi Province of ancient Ecuador. Some light surface wear, scrapes and minor imperfections as would be expected. See Klein and Cevallos "Ecuador - The Secret Art of Pre Columbian Ecuador" for additional scholarly information on ancient Manteno art and culture. A very diverse grouping with examples ranging from the early cultures of Mexico, down through Central America to later cultures of Peru. — Peru 1200 BC - 1000 BC A superb, early Chavin (most likely Pre-Chavin) stone mirror. The finely detailed figure is shown wearing elaborate regalia, large crescent headdress, ear spools with long tassels, tunic and loin cloth. Some light paint enhancements, otherwise all original and completely intact. Although moderately restored, it is a lovely example. As is often seen in Cocle art, these stylized creatures combine serpent, bird and other elements. 0 — Mexico 400 AD - 650 AD Three pottery bowls from Teotihuacan, Mexico. A few small cracks have been stabilized and restored. Considerable dendrites and other deposits present throughout. Hembrough Collection of Illinois Approx 11.5" across x 4" tall 0 — West Mexico 200 BC - 200 AD A large incensario cover from the Michoacan region of Western Mexico. Has small rim chips - 3) Medium tripod (right) - Approx. Lovely bowl with rattle legs and in perfect condition - 0 Priced individually or 0 for all three — Ecuador 3000 BC - 2500 BC Hacha 1 (left). Very unusual in that it depicts a person lying prone on their stomach.Vessels of this type were used to store and transport liquids such as water and corn beer (Chicha). See Christopher Donnan's "Ceramics of Ancient Peru" page 103 for a very similar example and additional information. Highly burnished brown-ware construction with scattered deposits. Assembled from several large pieces with restored break lines. He is grasping his opponent and wields a tumi knife. He is also adorned with very large ear spools and labret (lip plug). An elegant form with a wide flat base, the body has slightly rounded sides that slope gently to a tall tapering neck and spout with a flared rim. Both show signs of extensive use and have darkened patinas. The break lines have been restored and light paint enhancements, but is otherwise original and complete. The figure wears a headdress that contains the whistle. 0 — Costa Rica 1000 AD - 1400 AD Large human effigy figure from Costa Rica's Atlantic Watershed region, carved from tan colored lavastone. Light deposits along with minor scrapes and dings, all consistent with age. They have large eyes and noses along with open-work mouths showing teeth. Prichett - Jacksonville, Florida who purchased them from the previous owner, Hartwell Kennard of Mc Allen, Texas in 1972. — Costa Rica 400 AD - 800 AD Three rare pottery pestles from Costa Rica's Atlantic Watershed Region. Vessel #3, Right - Incised sunburst design around the upper shoulder. Restored neck break and restored stress cracks on the lower body. This olla-form vessel is a stylized cactus showing a wide band of raised ribs and nodes sculpted around the midsection. The body is rounded, angles sharply at the shoulder and tapers toward the neck, then flares gently to a wide spout. This example is beautifully painted using the fine-line method in shades of red against a tan/cream background. The bottom tapers gently and is slightly flared at the end. The shallow bowl sits on three pointy, hollow legs containing rattles. A three-inch section of the rim has been restored along with one leg. Large, hollow ball-shaped feet are slotted diagonally. Well sculpted in the form of a stylized bird with wings in high relief tucked to the sides. The eyes, nose and mouth are in high relief along with large circular ear spools. Originally acquired in 1972 from Hartwell Kennard of Mc Allen, Texas. 5" tall x 3.75" across 5 — Peru 100 AD - 400 AD A Nazca pottery bowl with geometric designs. It depicts three birds perched upon conjoined spheres. Burnished redware surface with a few areas of fire clouding. It has never been overly cleaned and still shows ample deposits along with earthen encrustation in the crevices. Just over 11" tall x 6" across 00 — Costa Rica 300 AD - 700 AD Tripod vessels from the Atlantic Watershed region of Costa Rica. Sizes range from very small to tiny with various types of surfaces; polychromes, blackwares, red and orange wares, etc. Additional provenance and info (specific cultures and dates) on each piece will be provided to the buyer. 1.25" tall to 2.25" tall 50 — Peru 650 AD - 800 AD A nice Wari (Huari) vessel from ancient Peru. 0 each or 0 for all three — Ecuador 300 BC - 400 AD An unusual Jama Coaque figure from ancient Ecuador. This very rare mirror dates to the Wairajirca-Kotosh Period. His arms are raised in a gesture which indicates he is in an induced state of shamanic transformantion. The fruits are accented with red and black stripes delicately painted over a backround of cream slip. Condition is somewhat poor with moderate to heavy restoration. All are brownware terracotta and are nicely burnished. — Mexico 600 AD - 900 AD A nice Classic Period Maya rattle figure from Jaina Island, gulf coast of Campeche, Mexico. A very fine and unusual example that displays impressively! 50 — West Mexico 300 BC - 300 AD Small Colima pottery olla from Western Mexico. A few cracks around the midsection have been stabilized and restored, otherwise intact. It is topped by a heavily adorned female figure wearing ear spools, necklace and decorative headband. Elegant form with rattle legs and only minor repairs - 0 2) Small tripod (left) - Approx. Nicely carved from greenish-gray stone with earthen deposits. The head is tilted upward and hands to their chest.Also of interest are the bead necklaces, strings made up of amber, enamel and brass beads strung in different modes.